In most cases, a natural growth process called growing pains causes a child to feel joint aches. However, they may be an early sign of a severe inflammatory rheumatic disease called Juvenile Arthritis. Juvenile Arthritis is an autoimmune disease which attacks children in their teenage years or possibly younger. This condition is known to cause growth problems in children and needs immediate medical attention.
It happens when the immune system assaults the tissue lining inside the joints called synovium which causes joint pain, stiffness, and swelling. In some cases, children would only have one or two flare-ups while others will have symptoms for a lifetime. To understand more about this, BetterHelp presents you with some of the fundamental information.
Juvenile Arthritis is complex, making diagnosis difficult. Doctors may order a variety of tests which include physical examination, blood tests, x-rays, and urine test which can help determine conditions that may cause natural arthritis. Early diagnosis, medication, and treatment can lessen inflammation, pain, and joint injury, and help maintain body movement. It can also prevent any cases of severe complications.
Types of Juvenile Arthritis
There are currently five known types of Juvenile Arthritis (JA) such as:
- Enthesitis-related arthritis: It is a type of JA that affects the eyes, entheses, hips, spine, and places where tendons attached to the bones. It occurs mostly in boys eight years and older with a family history ankylosing spondylitis among his male relatives.
- Systemic Arthritis: It is also known as Still’s disease, and it affects numerous systems of the body such as the heart, liver, lymph nodes, and spleen aside from joint problems. It causes high fever and rashes that occur on the arms, legs and the trunk.
- Polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (PJIA): It affects five or more joints during the first half year of the disease which is usually the jaw, neck, hands, and feet. It often occurs in the left and right joints of the body symmetrically. It is more common for girls to develop this disorder than it is to boys.
- Oligoarthritis: This disorder is also known as pauciarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. It affects the ankle, knee, and wrist. Additionally, it may cause issues to the iris of the eye known as iridocyclitis, iritis, or uveitis. Girls are more prone to developing this disorder but will outgrow the disease in adulthood.
- Psoriatic Arthritis: It affects children who are suffering from both psoriasis and arthritis. The symptoms usually start with either psoriasis or arthritis before developing the others years later.
Children who have juvenile arthritis need treatment from a doctor specializing in children with arthritis-related disorders called pediatric rheumatologist. Medication is one of the essential parts in the treatment of juvenile arthritis which may take several years until the disease maintains an inactive status. The treatments aim to reduce joint swelling and relieve pain, retaining the ability to do daily functions. The therapy involves treating, identifying, and preventing any complications that juvenile arthritis may bring such as soft tissue damage and other joint related problems.
Parents should be aware of their child’s wellbeing. If parents are not sure about the child’s symptoms, it is better to get help from a medical professional to develop juvenile arthritis awareness. You can try and visit https://www.betterhelp.com/ for more information you might need.